Here is D.A. Carson’s helpful word on Philippians 3:10, where the Apostle Paul says “…that I may know him and the power of his resurrection.”
In Paul’s usage, the “power of his resurrection” is the power of God that raised Jesus from the dead. According to Paul, that same “incomparably great power” (Eph. 1:19)—the power that raised Jesus from the dead—is the power that is at work in us to make us holy, to make us a fit place for Jesus to dwell, to enable us to grasp the limitless dimensions of God’s love for us (Eph. 3:14–19), to strengthen us so that we have great endurance and faith and lives constantly characterized by thanksgiving (Col. 1:11–12). It takes extraordinary power to change us to become like that. In fact, it takes nothing less than the power of God that raised Jesus from the dead. What the apostle wants, then, is not power so that he might be thought powerful, but power so that he might be conformed to the will of God. Only the power that brought Jesus back from death will do.
87. A. Carson, Basics for Believers: An Exposition of Philippians (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books, 1996), 87.